DAVIDIC COVENANT

As we have been following the Old Testament Covenants today we reflect on the Covenant with King David.

Today Jesus is acclaimed King.  He is acclaimed as the long expected Messiah.  We are told in the covenants of old that this Messiah will be a SON who brings his people FROM SLAVERY to a NEW LAND establishing not only a DYNASTY but a UNIVERSAL KINGDOM.  He will be a PRIEST, a PROPHET, and a KING.  In the Creation Covenant God creates the universe and world as a house, a Temple.  God formed His people from Adam and Eve as one holy couple, to Noah as one holy family, to Abraham as one holy tribe, to Moses as one holy nation, to King David as one holy Kingdom or Dynasty. 

So we come to King David.  If we look back a few hundred years before King David God tells the people of Israel, as they conquer the Promised Land, to destroy everyone.  This sounds extreme but this was so that they would not be corrupted by sins of the people who lived there.  The Israelites promised the Lord to do exactly as He commanded.  They did not obey God in this and thus became even more corrupted than the people whom they were to destroy.  In their corruption the priest leaders misused and abused their authority and inflicted untold damage upon their people.

This is when the people cried to have a king, “W e want a king over us, so we may be like all the nations, so that our king may govern us, go out before us and fight our battles.”  They thought that a king would be better than the priests.  God had intended a king for them but only in His time.  God was Israel’s King and he wanted all of Israel to be a ‘kingdom of priests’.  God said to them that their king must make a copy of ‘THE LAW’ and read it all the days of his life.  Their King was to be the first example of living the LAW of God.

Saul is anointed their first king.  He sins by acting like a priest-king out of turn.  Saul is also commanded to completely obliterate the pagan people, but he does not.  He does not repent sincerely and his heart became suspicious and jealous.

David a shepherd boy is then anointed king.  David trusts in God.   He has a meek heart and is quick to repent.  King Saul’s jealously of David leads him want to kill David but David, honoring Saul, waits for the Lord to give him the throne.

David conquers Jerusalem and makes it the center of the Monarchy and a place of rest for the Arc of the Covenant.  This is where God permits David to act like a priest-king, as God anoints him to be.  David offers sacrifice, dons an ephod (a loincloth which is a priestly garment), he pitches the tent of the Lord, offers burnt and peace offerings, blesses the people, and distributes the cake and meat portions to the people. (All these are priestly functions).  

Like Melchizedek he “is dressed like a priest-king.  He blesses the people, and gives them bread and wine.”

David wants to build a temple for the Lord.   God promises King David this: “I will make for you a great name (shem), like the name of the great ones of  the earth.  And I will appoint a place for my people Israel that they may dwell in their own place, and be disturbed no more  … and I will give you  rest from all your enemies.   And I will make of you a house.”  A house means: family, building, temple, and dynasty.  Actually it means all four.

David replies to God “Who am I, O Lord God, and what is my house that You have brought me this far?  This was a small thing in Your eyes, O Lord God.”  God accomplishes all of these promises in David because David sees himself as only a servant, as a king is meant to be.

In David’s son Solomon, meaning ‘shalom or peace’, we have prefigured Christ the prince of peace.   Solomon establishes a throne at his right hand for the Queen mother.  From this time on to the end of the Davidic monarchy we never see the king of Israel ruling without the queen mother at his right hand.  In Christ we have Mary, his mother, established as Queen of Heaven.

All of this was so that God’s only Son could bring us from our slavery from sin to freedom.  God intended to make us Royal Sons and Daughters, heirs to His Universal Kingdom of Heaven.

We all want in some way to be Kings and Queens.  Jesus shows us how to serve as King and as his sons and daughters.  To be king we must not seek glory, or power, or to be served but rather it is a position that commands us to be least, to be servant, and to give others the glory.  Jesus is treated the exact opposite of how a King should be treated yet this is where and when He shines most as King in our hearts and to the world.

So let us shout out our Hosannas in gratitude to the Lord of Lords, Jesus our King.

View other posts from the “Lent 2018: Covenant Homilies” series: